From Germs to Mammals in Aqua
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Genetics of Aquatic Organisms 2021, Vol 5, Num, 2     (Pages: 55-65)

Genetic Differentiation of the Blue Swimming Crab Portunus pelagicus Along the Coastal Thai Waters Revealed by SSCP Analysis of Cytochrome c Oxidase Subunit I

Bavornlak Khamnamtong 1 ,Sirikan Prasertlux 1 ,Sirithorn Janpoom 1 ,Sirawut Klinbunga 1

1 Aquatic Molecular Genetic and Biotechnology Team, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), 113 Paholyothin Road, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand. DOI : 10.4194/2459-1831-v5_2_02 Viewed : 1817 - Downloaded : 997 The basic information on genetic diversity and population structure is essential for the construction of appropriate management schemes leading to sustainable fisheries of the blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus). Here, genetic heterogeneity of P. pelagicus (N=174) was examined by single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (PpCOI270). Seven SSCP genotypes were found across all investigated samples. The average genetic distance between pairs of geographic samples was 0.0014-0.7247. Significant geographic heterogeneity (P<0.05) and restricted levels of female gene flow between paired samples (0.03-1.60 individuals per generation) were observed except between Chanthaburi - Prachuap Kriri Khan and Ranong - Krabi (P>0.05; 6.54 and 16.17 individuals per generation) located in the same coastal regions. Therefore, the gene pool of P. pelagicus in Thai waters was genetically differentiated to different stocks even though it is biologically regarded as a potential dispersal species. Five geographic samples of P. pelagicus in Thai waters could be differentiated to three genetic stocks; Chanthaburi and Suratthani (stock A), Prachuap Khiri Khan (stock B) and Ranong and Krabi (stock C). Keywords : Portunus pelagicus, Genetic diversity, Population differentiation, SSCP, DNA sequences